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Skin banking is a facility where the skin is collected from eligible deceased donor and processed as per international protocols.

Skin can be stored in the skin bank at 4-8o Celsius up to 5 years. The stored skin can be used for Burns Patient who have Deep Burns, Chemical Burns, Electrical Burns, Radiation Burns. Statistics have shown that 80% of the burn victims are women and children.

Burn Research suggests that skin removed from a dead person and grafted onto a severe burn victim is the nest covering for the victim. But not enough skin is donated to meet the needs.

DONATE YOUR SKIN AND SAVE THE BURN VICTIMS

Skin donation Procedure:

Skin donation is very simple procedure. After the death of a donor, the next of his/her authorized kin just need to call our burns helpline number 27643333 of National Burns Centre.

Once the call comes to National Burns Centre for skin donation, Our Skin retrieval team respond within half an-hour of receiving the call. They reach the place of death in a specialized Burns Ambulance. Consent of relative is taken & the retrieval team harvest the skin of the donor only from back and thigh with a special machine called DERMATOME. Only one eighth thickness of the skin is harvested so there is no disfiguring of body at all.It is not even visible to persons who come to pay their homage After the harvesting, the area is bandaged and the donors body is handed over to the next of the kin. This Procedure takes approximately 45 minutes.

Skin Donation, a programme initiated by the National Burns Centre in India, is working towards increasing the numbers of donations it receives in order to save more lives. The National Burn Centre in India reports that patients with 60% burn wounds or more have a 100% mortality rate, which could be prevented with skin donations. By raising awareness through events such as lectures, camps and programmes, Skin Donation hopes to open up more centres around India, creating a network of skin donation programmes.

Cadaveric skin can be extremely useful in treating severe burn wounds. The National Burns Centre reports that 80% of severe burn patients could be saved if more skin donations are acquired. The cadaveric skin is grafted onto burn patients, controlling the loss of fluid and body heat, relieving pain, as well as protecting the patient from deadly infections.

in skin graft, one need not match tissue of donor and recipient. Any individuals skin can be grafted. It offers temporary protection for the patient against fatal infections.

Skin grafts are expensive to procure. It is tough to get skin from living donors. Hence skin from the dead are easier to use. Advances in technology help preserve the skin that can be rolled like a tape for three-four years, said Shinde. Skin from back and legs are taken from bodies and preserved in 85 per cent glycerol. Strips of skin are kept in sterile vials, which are sealed and stored.

Patients with over 30 to 40 per cent burns will benefit from this treatment as cadaveric skin can temporarily cover burn wounds. Eighty per cent of burns patients can be thus saved.

Skin Banks In India:

http://kindheartz.com/index.php/articles/read-by-category/healthcare/52-healthcare/170/skin-banks-in-india

For More Details refer the following websites:

http://www.burns-india.com

http://www.skindonation.in